Ground Vehicle Safety Testing

FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS

Calspan conducts a full complement of compliance crash test services for both OEM’s and the NHTSA to verify that vehicles sold in the U.S. conform and comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS). These regulations are issued by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, who has a legislative mandate under Title 49 of the United States Code, Chapter 301 Motor Vehicle Safety.

FMVSS are regulations written in terms of minimum safety performance requirements for motor vehicles or items of motor vehicle equipment. These requirements are specified in such a manner that the public is protected against unreasonable risk of crashes occurring as a result of the design, construction, or performance of motor vehicles and is also protected against unreasonable risk of death or injury in the event crashes do occur.

Because of Calspan’s capabilities and expertise, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) uses Calspan to conduct every official FMVSS No. 214, Side Impact Protection Compliance Test. In addition, NHTSA uses Calspan to conduct the official FMVSS No. 301 Fuel System Integrity, and FMVSS No. 305 Electric Powered Vehicles: Electrolyte Spillage and Electrical Shock Protection vehicle crash tests. Furthermore, Calspan also executes the official U.S. New Car Assessment Program’s full frontal, side pole and side MDB crash tests for the NHTSA.

Common Test Modes Include:

  • FMVSS 208 - Occupant Crash Protection
  • FMVSS 212 - Windshield Mounting
  • FMVSS 214P - Dynamic Side Impact Protection - Rigid Pole Side Impact Test
  • FMVSS 214D - Dynamic Side Impact Protection - Moving Deformable Barrier Test
  • FMVSS 219 - Windshield Zone Intrusion
  • FMVSS 301F - Fuel System Integrity – Frontal Impact Tests
  • FMVSS 301L - Fuel System Integrity - Lateral Impact Tests
  • FMVSS 301R - Fuel System Integrity - Rear Impact Tests
  • FMVSS 301S - Fuel System Integrity — School Buses Over 10,000 Pounds GVWR
  • FMVSS 303 - Fuel System Integrity of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles
  • FMVSS 305 - Electric Powered Vehicles: Electrolyte Spillage and Electrical Shock Protection