Full Vehicle Crash & Sled Test Facility


Calspan offers Sled and Full Vehicle Crash testing to assist automotive industry innovators with the development of primary and secondary restraint systems such as seat belts, airbags, and the associated software algorithms. This can include Body-in-White Testing to develop such systems and Vehicle Crash Testing to confirm or validate a system’s performance.


When multiple test iterations are required in order to down select to a preferred design, Body-in-White Testing is conducted. In this test mode, a vehicle buck with a 5,000 lb. (2,268 kg) maximum payload is mounted onto the sled’s carriage. Then the buck is accelerated to a predetermined pulse to simulate the effects of a collision. Between each test run, airbags and seat belt retractors are changed out and airbag firing times are refined.

For Vehicle Crash Testing, Calspan’s Crash Test Facility is employed. This vehicle crash test facility includes a main Crash Hall with dedicated areas for frontal and side impact tests. Speed is controlled via a close-looped, velocity feedback servo-control system which is capable of obtaining any vehicle speed between 0 and 103.6 kph (64.6 mph) for vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) equal to or less than 4,546 kg (10,000 lb).


Customers that engage our expertise in the area of Sensor Development receive multiple benefits, including our ability to:

  • Conduct both Sled and Vehicle crash tests within the same test facility.
  • Have those with expertise in vehicle crash testing involved with Sled testing and visa-versa.
  • Be flexible and accommodating.
  • Work diligently to overcome any obstacle, regardless of the challenge (scheduling, logistical or technical).
  • Provide quality data in a timely fashion.


Calspan's automotive testing services are focused on supporting the test and evaluation needs of the automotive industry. These types of test services include:


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