Testing Services for Juvenile Products


Juvenile Accessory Products (i.e., Mirrors, Head Rests, Seat Pads, etc.) are products designed specifically to work in conjunction with Children Restraint Systems (CRS). In some cases these products are used to help protect children from injury or death during collisions, while in others they are utilized to make a child more comfortable. Which one should be used depends on the age and size of the child, personal preference and perceived need. Calspan has the expertise and equipment to execute tests required to determine if these products, in conjunction with CRS product, conform to the industry standards compliance with government standards.
Sled Juvenile


The 12-Inch HYGE system is designed to simulate the effects of a collision in an acceleration rather than deceleration mode. The standard 12-inch HYGE has 225,000 pounds (1 M newton) of thrust and a maximum payload of 5,000 lb. (2,268 kg). The HYGE’s design provides extremely repeatable and reproducible acceleration pulses, enabling accurate simulation and modeling of crash conditions in non-destructive fashion. A given pulse can be accurately produced on any 12-Inch HYGE system, enabling component suppliers and OEM manufactures to share testing programs and data interchangeably. The HYGE system has proven its repeatability/reliability over time. Systems over 40 years old routinely demonstrate repeatability of better than +/- 2%.


Juvenile Accessory product manufacturers, in most all cases, do not have a specific standard for which they must comply. More times than not, they are asked, by major retailers, to have their product tested to FMVSS 213, CMVSS 213 or ECE R44 standards in the respective countries they are sold. To assist Juvenile Accessory product manufactures with product development, refinement, and “relative compliance” to a standard, Calspan has the expertise and equipment to execute the following child car seat crash tests with the Juvenile accessory:
  • Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 213 (FMVSS 213). This U.S. standard requires CSRs to pass a 30-mph frontal sled test, which simulates a crash. This standard applies to passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, buses and aircraft.
  • Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 213 (CMVSS 213). This Canadian standard is very similar to the U.S. standard. One of the differences is that the CMVSS 213 has a requirement for compression/deflection, which affects the energy management in terms of force on the head.
  • European Test Standard for Child Restraints ECE R 44. This European Standard requires all CSRs be certified and have an ECE R44/04 certification label to indicate they comply with standard safety requirements.
  • NHTSA Side Impact. In this test, which simulates a side-impact vehicle crash, CSRs must demonstrate they can safely restrain a child by preventing harmful head contact with an intruding vehicle door and reduce the crash forces transmitted to the child’s head and chest. This includes using the Q3S crash test dummy.